When Should I Consider Surgery for Hemorrhoids?

November 29, 2023by vanudencenter

While many cases of hemorrhoids can be effectively managed with conservative measures and lifestyle changes, there are situations where surgical intervention may be recommended. Surgical options are typically considered when home remedies and non-invasive treatments fail to provide adequate relief or when hemorrhoids reach an advanced stage. Here are scenarios where surgery may be considered:

1. Thrombosed Hemorrhoids:

Thrombosed hemorrhoids occur when a blood clot forms within an external hemorrhoid. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum or anus, and they can be internal or external. When a blood clot develops in an external hemorrhoid, it leads to a condition called thrombosed hemorrhoid.

Here are some key points about thrombosed hemorrhoids:

  1. Symptoms: Thrombosed hemorrhoids can cause severe pain, swelling, inflammation, and a hard lump near your anus. The pain is usually the most significant symptom, and it can be intense, making sitting or bowel movements uncomfortable.
  2. Causes: The exact cause of thrombosed hemorrhoids is not always clear, but factors that contribute to the development of hemorrhoids, such as straining during bowel movements, obesity, and prolonged sitting, can increase the risk.


2. Prolapsed Hemorrhoids:

Prolapsed hemorrhoids are a more severe form of hemorrhoids where the internal hemorrhoids swell and extend outside the anal opening. Normally, hemorrhoids are cushions of tissue filled with blood vessels at the junction of the rectum and anus. When these cushions become enlarged and protrude outside the anal opening, they are referred to as prolapsed hemorrhoids.

Here are key points about prolapsed hemorrhoids:

  1. Types:
    • First-degree: Hemorrhoids that bleed but do not prolapse.
    • Second-degree: Prolapse and retract on their own during a bowel movement.
    • Third-degree: Prolapse during a bowel movement and must be pushed back manually.
    • Fourth-degree: Prolapsed and cannot be pushed back in; they may contain blood clots or pull much of the lining of the rectum through the anus.
  2. Symptoms:
    • Painless bleeding during bowel movements.
    • Itching or irritation around the anal area.
    • Discomfort or pain during bowel movements.
    • A lump or swelling near the anus.
  3. Causes:
    • Straining during bowel movements.
    • Chronic constipation or diarrhea.
    • Obesity.
    • Pregnancy and childbirth.
    • Sitting for prolonged periods.

3. Chronic or Severe Bleeding:

Chronic or severe bleeding refers to persistent and substantial bleeding that occurs over an extended period or is intense in nature. This can happen in various medical conditions, and it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly if you experience chronic or severe bleeding. Here are some contexts in which chronic or severe bleeding may occur:

  1. Gastrointestinal Bleeding:
    • Conditions such as ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), diverticulosis, or colorectal cancer can lead to chronic or severe bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.
  2. Menstrual Disorders:
    • Conditions like menorrhagia (excessive menstrual bleeding) can lead to chronic and heavy menstrual bleeding. This may be associated with hormonal imbalances, uterine fibroids, or other reproductive health issues.
  3. Bleeding Disorders:
    • Hemophilia, von Willebrand disease, and other clotting disorders can lead to a tendency for prolonged or severe bleeding. These conditions are often genetic.
  4. Hemorrhagic Stroke:
    • Severe bleeding within the brain due to a ruptured blood vessel can lead to a hemorrhagic stroke. This is a medical emergency.
  5. Trauma:
    • Severe injuries, accidents, or trauma can cause significant bleeding, and if not addressed promptly, it can be life-threatening.
  6. Certain Medications:
    • Some medications, such as anticoagulants or blood-thinning medications, can increase the risk of bleeding, especially if not managed properly.
  7. Certain Cancers:
    • Blood cancers or cancers in organs like the stomach, intestines, or reproductive organs may lead to chronic or severe bleeding.

4. Multiple or Recurrent Hemorrhoids:

If an individual has multiple hemorrhoids or experiences recurrent episodes despite conservative treatments, surgery might be explored as a more definitive solution. Procedures like hemorrhoidectomy or stapled hemorrhoidopexy aim to remove or address multiple hemorrhoids simultaneously.

5. Complications such as Strangulation:

In rare cases, hemorrhoids may become “strangulated,” meaning the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is restricted. This can lead to severe pain and tissue damage. Emergency surgical intervention may be required to address strangulated hemorrhoids and prevent further complications.

When Conservative Measures Fail:

If symptoms persist despite diligent adherence to conservative measures, and the quality of life is significantly impacted, surgical options may be discussed with a healthcare professional.

Considerations for Surgery:

Before recommending surgery, healthcare professionals will carefully assess the severity of symptoms, the impact on daily life, and the overall health of the individual. The decision to undergo surgery is often a collaborative one between the patient and their healthcare provider.

It’s crucial to consult with a qualified healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate course of action based on individual circumstances. Surgical interventions for hemorrhoids are generally safe and effective, but the decision to proceed with surgery should be made after a thorough evaluation and discussion of potential risks and benefits.

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Copyright 2022 by one80media.com All rights reserved.

Copyright 2022 by one80media.com All rights reserved.

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